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Astrology 13 zodiac sign

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If that was from NASA - how embarrassing  for them ,,, to display such a lack of basic astrological knowledge, relevant history   and the re-hash of something from the 1970s  :rolleyes:

 

And not knowing the difference between astrology and astronomy .

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In ancient times Cygnus was known less specifically as 'the Bird' and variously associated with hens, pigeons and eagles. Much of our understanding of the star appears to come from Roman mythology where it is identified with the figure of a swan placed in the sky by Jupiter, in gratitude for its form which he took to seduce the unsuspecting Leda. The swan is also said to represent the spirit of Orpheus, placed after death next to his favourite Lyre which lies in heaven nearby (see Lyre). The myth of Orpheus declares that he was stricken at the death of his wife and vowed to never fall in love again. A group of Thracian women became so upset with his rejection, that they killed him and threw his Lyre into the river. Like the Lyre, Ptolemy gave the stars of Cygnus a nature like Venus and Mercury.[1] 

Manilius attributed to Cygnus a special affinity with all feathered creatures, claiming its natives will often work with, trade or capture birds. Its main star, Deneb Adige, is a brilliant white, 1st magnitude star, positioned in the tail. The name relates to the Orpheus myth: Deneb being the Latin term for 'tail' and the Adige being an Italian river associated with the tale and deriving its own name from a phrase meaning 'to take flight'. A famous Italian song which is at least a thousand years old recants the significance: 
 

O marvellous idol of Venus, in whose substance there is no defect: may the prime-mover, who created the stars and heavens and who founded the seas and land, protect you… 

May you have Neptune and Thetis as companions when you are borne over the river Adige. 

Why do you take flight - please tell - even though I love you? What shall I do, wretch, since I cannot see you? [2]



Together with Altair in Aquila and Wega in Lyre, Deneb Adige forms an impressive triangle which is prominent in the summer. William Lilly called it 'Cauda Cygni' and said it makes a man ingenious, and apt to any learning or knowledge, a comment which probably stems from Manilius's claim that from this constellation shall flow a thousand human skills.[3] 

Lilly added (presumably from some tradition that arises out of the tale of the lust-filled Thracian women), that when the Moon is directed to the tail of the Swan it denotes a time of love and lust - as to women, it shewes him very prone - besides making the native petulant, impudent and scurrilous in his speeches.[4] 

The other notable star is Albireo, a 3rd magnitude, topaz and blue binary star of extraordinary appearance and located in the head of the figure, therefore said to give an attractive appearance as well as a loveable disposition. 

 

 

Image result for gobekli tepe

 

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In around 10,500 BC I believe that Swiderian groups moved south from the East European Plain into eastern Anatolia. Here they gained control of the regional trade in the black volcanic glass known as obsidian at places like Bing√∂l Mountain in the Armenian Highlands and Nemrut Dańü an extinct volcano close to the shores of Lake Van, Turkey‚Äôs largest inland sea. This brought them into contact with the communities who would later be responsible for the construction of G√∂bekli Tepe around 9500-9000 BC.

 

Ritual Purpose

 

Everything suggests the Swiderians possessed a sophisticated cosmology gained in part from their cousins, the Solutreans of Central and Western Europe, who were themselves related to the Eastern Gravettian peoples. They believed in a cosmic tree supporting the sky world entered via the Great Rift‚ÄĒthe fork or split in the Milky Way caused by the presence of stellar dust and debris‚ÄĒcorresponding to the position in the northern heavens occupied by the stars of Cygnus, the celestial swan (a.k.a. the Northern Cross). The Swiderians believed also that birds were symbols of astral flight, and that this was the manner in which the shaman could reach the sky world. In Europe the bird most commonly associated with these beliefs and practices was the swan, while in Southwest Asia it was the vulture, a primary symbol of death and transformation in the early Neolithic age. Both birds are identified with the Cygnus constellation.

 

Göbekli Tepe: Genesis of the Gods

 

Using this guise the shaman could enter the sky world and counter the actions of the supernatural creature seen as responsible for cataclysms like the comet impact of 10,900 BC, referred to by scientists today as the Younger Dryas Boundary (YDB) event. This cosmic trickster was seen to take the form of a sky fox or sky wolf, embodied perhaps in the leaping foxes carved in relief on the inner faces of key pillars at Göbekli Tepe, and remembered also as the Fenris-wolf responsible for causing Ragnorak, a major cataclysm preserved in Norse mythology. All across Europe, and into Southwest Asia, accounts exist of supernatural foxes and wolves that have attempted to endanger the sky pillar supporting the starry canopy, an act that if achieved would have brought about the destruction of the world.

 

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Lyra represents the lyre of Orpheus, the musician and poet in Greek mythology who was killed by the Bacchantes. When he died, his lyre was thrown into a river. Zeus sent an eagle to get the lyre and placed both of them in the sky.

Orpheus was the son of the Thracian King Oeagrus and the muse Calliope. When he was young, god Apollo gave him a golden lyre and taught him to play it, and his mother taught him to write verses.

 

Orpheus was known for his ability to charm even stones with his music, for his attempts to save his wife Eurydice from the underworld, and for being the harpist and companion of Jason and the Argonauts.

Without Orpheus and his music, the Argonauts would not have been able to make it past the Sirens, whose song enticed sailors to come to them, which usually resulted in sailors crashing their ships into the islands on which the Sirens lived. When the Argonauts approached the islands, Orpheus drew his lyre and played music that drowned out the Sirens’ calls.

 

The most famous story involving Orpheus is that of the death of his wife Eurydice. Eurydice was trying to escape a satyr at her wedding, and fell into a nest of vipers. She was bitten on the heel and died. Orpheus found the body and, deeply shaken, he played songs that made the gods and the nymphs cry. The gods felt pity for him and advised him to travel to the underworld and try to retrieve Eurydice. Orpheus took their advice. Once there, his song deeply moved Hades and his wife Persephone and they agreed to return Eurydice to the world of the living on one condition: Orpheus should walk in front of her and not look back until they both had reached the upper world. Orpheus and Eurydice started walking and, as much as he wanted to, he did not look back. However, he forgot that they both had to arrive to the upper world before he could turn. As soon as he reached it, he turned around, but Eurydice was not quite up there yet and she disappeared from his sight, for good this time.

 

Orpheus found his death at the hands of Thracian Maenads, who ripped him to shreds for not honouring Dionysus.

 

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 This sacrament with the drinking of the blood and the body of the sacrificed god  also existed in the pre-christian Dionysian mysteries.   This sacrament consisted of red sweet wine and bread. Another name of the sacrificed Dionysus is "Saimon" which means "bloody".  Another name of Indra in the Rig Veda is "Usra" which means "rising light" which is a reference of Resurrection  It has the same etymological root with "Osiris".

 

Dionysus as an embryo was sewed into the thigh of his father Dyeus (Zeus) - that is why he is called "sewed".  A similar story exists in the Rig Veda when Indra sowed the Soma into his thigh.

 

It is written that Dionysus entered to India riding on a tiger. It is a historical fact that this time around 6.000-6.500 B.C horses were not yet in use.  In Greece they always depict Dionysus on a tiger.  It is said that the river Tigris got its name because he passed by on a tiger. "Tiger" in Greek is "Tigris".  Tigers are not native to the area in Greece, they are only found in central Asia.

 

In some Indus valley seals, there is a picture of a centaur, who is half man and half tiger. In Greece as well as in Middle Eastern civilizations, the illustrations depict Dionysos riding on a Donkey.  In some Indus seals there exist pictures of donkeys that were in use this time.  Dionysos is never depicted on a horse, which could be an element that refers to the chronological period he lived.

 

In ancient Greek philosophy, the centaur symbolizes the domination of the divine part of the human soul, the Logos (Sanskrit. "Loc") symbolized by the human figure, on the lower part of the human soul that includes the inclination to evil, symbolized by the animal. When people started using horses some millennium later, the image of the centaur changed from half-tiger to half-horse. (Greek: Kentauros. Sanskrit  Gandharva.)

 

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