Junior Bum
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About Piyadasi

  1. How about the Shang and Zhou dynasties? Or the Mongols, Khitans, Xiongnu? Or the Vikings/Norsemen? Or Japan (Shinto)? Or the Jurchen Jin (and Later Jin/Qing), where the word apparently originates from? I also recall the Turkic/Iranian/Other peoples coming into Europe in waves and waves being quite oppressive to the 'natives'. See: Bulgars, Magyars, Huns, Beceneks, Avars.. Or was that occultism? Where does occultism begin and shamanism end? Please share what you think is important to read! Interesting topic, I also have my suspicions..
  2. To some extent it's 1. yes, I think, metaphors, images enrich understanding very much at times. To another extent it is 2., but not how you think, in fact it's the reverse. It's associated with these things that are powerful in people's minds (one's parents, kings, tigers, a whole kingdom), all especially alive in people's minds in ancient India (tigers were potentially an everyday encounter at some places) because you want these, maybe abstract sounding ideas, to have real meaning and weight since they are an even more powerful and fundamental aspect of your experience. So you take the outside world/experience you live in your everyday life and translate the structure of that to your inner world and fundamental activities. You use the outer as a reference guide to the inner, I suppose. Parents are also extremely important in Buddhism, for lay people (and even monastics), they are to be revered and respected, in fact respect towards one's parents and the desire to pay back the kindness they did to one is one of the fundamental basic recommended attitudes/outlooks. Killing of one's parents if like one of the worst acts with the most grievous outcomes. So I don't think it's manipulation. Also back in that day I feel like this sort of manipulation would have been much more ineffective, since people weren't as much 'in their brains' dancing around with concepts and abstract ideas as we are today so I feel like this would have hardly had that effect on them. Also for any sort of manipulation like this to have a noticeable effect on the community you'd have to have many more of these style of teachings, mainly in the Suttas and Commentaries, and while there may be other 'shock value' verses in the Dhammapada, I can't recall any other teaching of this sort that's not just a short verse. That's just my guess. Another factor is pure shock value. This shock would then be put to use when the meanings are explained in the context of a live tradition. That's just my take on it.
  3. An explanation by an Ajahn (https://www.dhammatalks.org/suttas/KN/Dhp/endnotes.html#dhp-note294): "294: This verse and the one following it use terms with ambiguous meanings to shock the listener. According to DhpA, mother = craving; father = conceit; two warrior kings = views of eternalism (that one has an identity remaining constant through all time) and of annihilationism (that one is totally annihilated at death); kingdom = the twelve sense spheres (the senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, feeling, and ideation, together with their respective objects); dependency = passions for the sense spheres. 295: DhpA: two learned kings = views of eternalism and annihilationism; a tiger = the path where the tiger goes for food, i.e., the hindrance of uncertainty, or else all five hindrances (sensual desire, ill will, torpor & lethargy, restlessness & anxiety, and uncertainty). However, in Sanskrit literature, “tiger” is a term for a powerful and eminent man; if that is what is meant here, the term may stand for anger." Not quite literal
  4. I myself fortunately was turned away from Chia quite early on, but I'm very interested, what would you recommend someone who has developed the connection and the exact problem you described?
  5. Hello everyone! I'm new here and also relatively new to the Daoist arts, although I have read quite a bit already. I would like your opinions on the Xingyi and Bagua abilities of a teacher (pretty much the only teacher nearby) I found. Here are a couple of videos: I'm mainly interested in learning Bagua, but I'm not sure if it is worth the time and money investment to learn from him (or alternatively just focus on Xingyi and/or learn from vidoes). He seems to teach Xingyi and Taiji mainly and those seem pretty legit. But I'd be grateful for any input from those more experienced in these arts! Thanks!