Exactly...!!! I couldn't agree more.
During the Warring States, 君 was only used as "ruler" in small countries and 帝(天子) was used for "emperor" in the Han Dynasty. 帝 means the supreme ruler of the land which rules all of the 君 under the feudal system.
We've been agreeing a lot recently... it's weird
That is very likely given that modern science is a religion. But that's beside the point. The point is LZ's main subject - the Dao is easily understandable from the mystical POV. What is it from the materialist POV?
You're aware of my view that modern science/atheism is very much like a religion?
Some people use science as religious people use religion, yes. Some people claim that science & tech can solve all the world's problems and lead us into a future of peace and happiness. To me, that's clear nonsense... I don't hold modern science, and especially the technology that comes from it, up as some kind of 'answer'. I think the answer lies within each person (which, incidentally, is very much a 'mystic' way of looking at things).
Having said that, every conclusion that comes from good science - i.e. every empirically proved conclusion - is more provably true than any conclusion that comes from waving one's hands around or throwing sticks in the air.
Mysticism, from Google:
belief that union with or absorption into the Deity or the absolute, or the spiritual apprehension of knowledge inaccessible to the intellect, may be attained through contemplation and self-surrender
(my bold). Removing the 'Deity', this is not incompatible with modern science or my idea of Daoism.
The rationale behind any system believing in deities is that there's some invisible dude over there doing crazy shit that we can't understand. How can anyone support that?
As far as Dao is understandable, it's understandable from your so-called 'materialist' point of view -- because a materialist point of view is concerned with the material world, which is everything that exists.
Nowhere in the TTC does it say that gods created anything. What it does say is:
又壯蟲成 Something great gave way to all form;
先天地生 Born before Heaven and Earth,
敚綉蜀立不亥 Morphing and hazy, singular and limitless,
可以為天下母 It is the mother of all things;
未智丌名 Its name is unknown,
字之曰道 We refer to it as the Way
This is not entirely incompatible with modern physics.
It's also interesting to note that the Greek, Norse, Taoist, and a number of other creation stories begin with a chaos/void/singularity. Even the Biblical creation story begins with a void. The Taoist one, as seen in ch.25 above, is simply one of the more sensible, avoiding the mention of big bearded men falling fully-formed out of nowhere and zapping things.
i recommend this article, very witty.
Firstly, the theory of evolution isn't claimed to be 'proven'. It's widely acknowledged that we don't know how life as we know it began. That doesn't mean that creator gods like Cronus or Ymir are real.
Secondly, proponents of Darwinism don't claim to know how life began -- only that it evolves. And that life evolves is patently obvious to anyone paying attention. So, evolution doesn't really have anything to do with what we're talking about, if you ask me.
I also don't know how life on Earth began. The loveliest answers to me, though, are
- that it formed by accident from this primordial 'soup', evolving from a simple combination of chemicals into more and more complex combinations
- that it was brought to Earth from elsewhere, having evolved to a certain stage elsewhere
This doesn't contradict the idea of Dao, and is (to me) far more reasonable than saying "Well, probably some invisible guy rubbed his hands together and said 'Abracadabra!' "
(Where did the invisible guy come from?)